Article 1 For entry to China, aliens shall apply for visas to Chinese diplomatic missions, consular posts or other foreign-based agencies authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China.
Aliens holding letters or telegrams from authorized organizations in China and ordinary passports issued by countries that have diplomatic relations or official trade contacts with China may apply for visas to port visa agencies authorized by the Ministry of Public Security in case of an urgent need to travel to China and a lack of time to apply for visas to the above-mentioned Chinese agencies abroad, for the following reasons:
Being invited at short noticed by the Chinese side to attend a trade fair in China;
Being invited to China to enter a bid or to formally sign an economic or trade contract;
Coming to China under contract for supervision over export shipment, import commodity inspection or check on the completion of a contract;
Being invited to install equipment or make rush repairs;
Coming to China at the request of the Chinese side for settling claims;
Being invited to China for scientific or technological consulting services;
A last-minute replacement or addition, approved by the Chinese side, to a delegation or group that has been invited and has already obtained visas for traveling to China;
Visiting a patient in a critical condition or making funeral arrangements;
As persons in immediate transit who, because of forced emergency, are unable to leave China by the original aircraft within 24 hours or have to leave China by other means of transport;
As other invitees who do not have enough time to apply for visas to the above-mentioned Chinese agencies abroad but hold letters or telegrams from designated competent authorities approving the application for visas at port visa agencies.
Port visa agencies shall not handle visa applications of aliens who do not come under the above–listed categories.
Article 2 Port visa agencies authorized by the Ministry of Public Security are set up at the following ports:
Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Dalian, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Xi’an, Guilin, Hangzhou, Kunming, Guangzhou (Baiyun Airport), Shenzhen (Luohu,Shekou) and Zhuhai (Gongbei).
Article 3 In accordance with their status and the types of passports they hold, different aliens coming to China shall be issued diplomatic, courtesy, service or ordinary visas respectively.
Article 4 Ordinary visas shall be marked with different Chinese phonetic letters and issued to different aliens according to their stated purposes of visit to China:
Visa D to aliens who are to reside permanently in China;
Visa Z to aliens who come to China to take up posts or employment and to their accompanying family members;
Visa X to aliens who come to China for study, advanced studies or job-training for a period of six months or more;
Visa F to aliens who are invited to China on a visit or on a study, lecture or business tour, for scientific, technological or cultural exchanges, for short-term refresher course or for job-training, for a period not more than six months;
Visa L to aliens who come to China for sight-seeing, visiting relatives or other private purposes (A group visa may be issued to a group of nine or more aliens on a sight-seeing trip to China);
Visa G to aliens passing through China;
Visa C to train attendants, air crew members and seamen operating international services, and to their accompanying family members;
Visa J-1 to resident foreign correspondents in China; Visa J-2 to foreign correspondents who make short trips to China on reporting tasks.
Article 5 In applying for visas, aliens shall provide such pertinent information as requested and complete the following procedures:
Present valid passports or replacement certificates;
Fill in visa application forms and submit recently-taken, two-inch, half-length, and frontal photos;
Submit for examination papers supporting the application for entry into or transit through China.
Article 6 The supporting papers mentioned in Article 5(3) of these rules refer to the following:
1) In application for Visa D, a permanent residence confirmation form, which may be obtained through application by the applicant or by his\her designated relatives in China from the exit-and-entry department of the municipal or county public security bureau at the place of the applicant’s intended residence;
2) In application for Visa Z, a letter of appointment or employment from the sponsor or employer organization in China or a letter or telegram from an authorized organization;
3) In application for Visa X, a certificate from the receiving organization or the competent department;
4) In application for Visa L for a tourist trip in China, a certificate of reception from a Chinese travel service; and, when necessary, plane, train or ship ticket(s) to the country (region) of destination, or connection tickets in case such a visa is exempt;
5) In application for Visa F, a letter or telegram from the authorized organization;
6) In application for Visa G, a valid visa for entering the country (region) of destination, or connecting tickets in case such a visa is exempt;
7) In application for Visa C, relevant certificates in accordance with the agreements concerned.
8) In application for Visas J-1 and J-2, a certificate from the competent department.
Aliens who come to China for permanent residence or for residence of one year and upwards shall, in applying for entry visas, submit for examination health certificates issued by health or medical institutions designated by the governments of the countries of their current residence or those issued by health or medical institutions and certified by notarial organs. Health certificates are valid for six months from the date of issuance.
Article 7 Aliens coming under the following categories shall not be allowed to enter China:
An alien expelled by the Chinese Government and before the expiry of the period when his\her re-entry is prohibited;
An alien considered likely to engage in terrorism, violence or subversion upon entering China;
An alien considered likely to engage in smuggling, drug trafficking or prostitution upon entering China;
An alien suffering from mental disorder, leprosy, AIDS, venereal diseases, contagious tuberculosis or other infectious diseases;
An alien who cannot guarantee to cover his\her own expenses during his\her stay in China
An alien considered likely to engage in other activities prejudicial to China’s national security and interests.
Article 8 Transit visas are not required for those aliens who are in immediate transit through China on continued international flights, who hold connection flight tickets and have seats booked and who stay for not more than 24 hours within the airport of the in-transit city. Aliens wishing to leave the airport shall apply to the border checkposts for stopover permits.
Article 9 When vessels operating international service anchor at Chinese ports, foreign crew members and their accompanying family members wishing to disembark at the port city shall apply to border checkposts for disembarkation permits, or lodging permits if they desire to stay overnight on land. Those who, for proper reasons, need to travel to areas beyond the port city or who cannot leave China on the original vessel shall apply to the local public security bureau for appropriate visas.